As for my term paper I have chosen the topic ‘cultural perversion(science hidden) in Nepali culture and impact of globalization.’ For my paper to be readable I have taken an interview of cultural scholar and literary figure Tejeshwor Baby Gwanga. He is renowned figure in defining various culture of Nepal.
Before entering to different cultural practices in Nepal, firstly we should know what culture is. Life is a section of culture; culture is the representation of Life. Whatever we do in our daily routine practices is also one of the parts of representation of culture. Culture can be claimed as the integrated part of human experience and knowledge. Culture is a broad concept, which can be defined in various ways according to numerous perspective, and some of it, I have described above. So, without making lengthy description or background what is culture, I will focus my points on the cultural practices practiced in Nepal and the impact of globalization.
Whatever the present scenario of modernization or globalization wants we should know how to accept it, critically and rationally, but never forgetting one’s own culture. Discarding pants and shirts might be also one of the superstitions. While talking about the use and disuse of global products, we should focus on cultural traditionalism and cultural dynamism. Avoiding the new culture and lying in the same old culture is known as traditionalism. While adopting new things and embracing the global phenomenon is cultural dynamism. When I have the opportunity to drive on bus but due to traditional behavior, rather travelling in the bus if I walk all the way using the traditional transportation, is an example of traditionalism Sometimes these kinds of traditionalism will be harmful.
The superstition is everywhere in our culture. Traditional kinds of equipment which the farmer used earlier are not the same nowadays. In some of the un urbanized place practice of these kinds of farming equipments like ‘halo’, ‘kuto’, and ‘kodali’ and ploughing field using ox is still relevant. But the power ‘triller’ and equipped tractors do all the works of ploughing field and disseminating the seeds on the land. So, this is a globalization, a technological globalization or technoscape in the words of Appadurai. But in the name of following owns culture and discarding the new ones, by not using the power trillers is technological superstition which is not good for the country and the countries cultural preface, and development. Occasionally these kind of traditionalism works.
There is another issue in culture that is cultural perversion that means de culturization. For an example the deculturization of buses is putting great number of passengers more than the carrying capacity of the bus. Getting up on the hoods of the bus is an example of cultural perversion. Perversion brings diversion in the modern culture. Though the science made the people easy for their daily use but the wrong deeds made it curse.
When we talk about the food culture, intitially we used to consume ‘dhedo’, ‘roti’,’gundruk’ as our cultural food. It was good even from the health’s perspective and was very tasty too. But nowadays we consume foods which are grown by using different fertilizers and auxins which may result in the degradation of health. People are suffering from dangerous diseases like diabetes, cancer, colitis, heart diseases etc. The influence of Pizza and burger culture is not so good for our culture and our health. It has some defects, which they hide to sell their cultural products. Our culture focused in organic and compost fertilizers that made food good and trustworthy. The food like masalas(jeera, turmeric powder) are good for the cancerous persons. These are our cultural food products which have medicinal value.
We should try to focus on the scientific processes rather than the superstition hidden inside our culture. One example is during the wedding ceremony, in our culture the husband wife eat ‘mahur’, where they eat each others ‘jutho’. So when we see it scientifically it has freed us from the jutho culture relevant here. So, we can proudly say that the culture of ours is very much scientific and very much trustworthy. This is one example, there are many examples too. Let us talk about the ‘Ekadashi’ culture in Hindus. In this occasion we pray Tulasi and we fast. So, when we watch from a scientific perspective our rishis have made this culture of ekadashi to save tulasi which is the important plant from the point of medicinal view and even from the point of environmental view. The scientific reason of fasting is resting the digestive system from all the pressures of the fertilized food every 15 days. Recently, in a magazine I read an article that the smoke created from the process of ‘whom’ in Hindu culture is good from the environmental perspective. It makes the ozone layer revive. This research was done in India. Another very interesting subject I want to put forward. That is the relation of cow and she being the national animal of our country. I saw a research article in scientific American magazine that the beef meat helped in the production of heat energy at great level than any other meat we consume. So, by being symbolically the goddess laxmi and national animal in Nepal we do not kill cow and eat its meat. When we see all these examples coming one after another without any objections then we see that our rishis and munis were very much conscious for our betterment. Though it, being thousands of years back where there wasn’t any technological advancement in the places.
In our food culture there is scientific reasoning hidden. That is comsumption of juice, crude fruits and vegetables. The culture of Whiskey and rum isn’t ours. So, we should thank to our culture that we are not addicted to any kind of bad deeds that socially harass us.
As cultural scholar Gwanga said, ‘Environment plays a vital role in the clothing pattern of any place’. The scientific clothing tradition can be seen in our culture. The people who leave in terai wear thin clothes and normally dhoti kurtha and white clothes, the people of hilly region wear daura suruwal and gunyo cholo as their cultural dress and the people himal wear wollen clothes and jackets because there is cold.
Conclusion and Suggestion
Without letting the wrong deeds to happen in our culture, we should accept others culture. How to save ones culture is the prevalent question now. Without letting the wrong happenings in the culture we should accept the others culture and focus more on one’s own. Accepting western culture all the time, leave our own culture only in the pages of history then our identification will die.
Foreigners step in our country to see diversity in culture but due to the affect of globalization and modernization they won’t see any difference in their cultural patterns and traditional patterns of ours which results in the degradation of tourism. So, not to see all these lacking in our culture we should tie up our mind and soul and do our best to save our culture. Unless we do something for the sake of our own culture we cannot save it.
While talking about the different language of our country, due to the influence of English language, we are running in the path of forgetting our own native languages.
Prof. Gwanga also focused in the lacking of educational institutions where they teach saving of one’s own culture by hook or by crook but they do not apply in their own cultural activities. One example he gave is making of a cap by the university itself. University could have made a ‘bhadgaule’ cap and carve the university name on it. Where is the consciousness even in the biggest institution of education have? These all issues make us little bit annoyed prof. Gwanga added.
But in the name of perversion and globalization we should not forget our own culture the tradition hidden inside it. We should not forget the clothing, fooding patterns which identify us as Nepali, and the tradition of Nepal. By wearing Jeans, Shirts, coats, tie and hat do not mean that let us forget our culture and become a global citizen. Be global people, but try not to fade out the tradition and even the superstition that is related to Nepal and Nepali.
T. B. Gwanga, In lamsal.A.(An interview with Prof. Dr. Gwanga)
Jha,J (2010,November 13). Yo Parvalai Samyabadi Parva pani bhanna sakinchha. Saptahik Bishwadeep,P.3
Interaction with Mukunda sharan upadhyaya
Scientific American magazine 2009